Coordenação das Organizações Indígenas da Amazônia Brasileira (C.O.I.A.B.)

Founded on April 19, 1989, C.O.I.A.B. is the largest regional indigenous organization in Brazil seeking to defend the rights of indigenous peoples to their land, environment, health, education, culture, and self-determination. The organization also fights for the protection and recognition of indigenous peoples in voluntary isolation. The organization mobilizes roughly 160 distinct peoples, representing 440,000 individuals – nearly 60% of the country’s indigenous population – who collectively occupy approximately 110 million hectares of land across all 9 states of the Brazilian Amazon (Amazonas, Tocantins, Amapá, Maranhão, Rondônia, Acre, Pará, Roraima, and Mato Grosso). However, these figures do not include indigenous peoples living in voluntary isolation. C.O.I.A.B. is a member of the Coordination of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon Basin (C.O.I.C.A.), one of the largest indigenous organizations in the world and of international representation, and is also a member of the Articulação dos Povos Indígenas do Brasil (A.P.I.B.), the largest indigenous organization in Brazil.

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Articulação dos Povos Indígenas do Brasil (A.P.I.B.)

A.P.I.B. was created in 2005 by the Free Land Camp (ATL) movement, which is an annual mobilization of indigenous peoples to call attention to the indigenous rights situation in Brazil and to demand that the State of Brazil uphold protections for indigenous peoples. A.P.I.B. is the largest indigenous organization in Brazil and is composed of the regional indigenous organizations throughout the country. Its mission is to promote and advocate indigenous rights, defend against threats and attacks on indigenous rights, unify and strengthen the indigenous movement at the regional and national level, and build alliances with the international indigenous movement and other social movements.

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